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Ship Recycling

Ship Recycling

All Vessels have 3 Cycles of life, Build, trading and recycling. We here focus on the recycling aspect of the vessels life. However this must not be seen in any negative way as the recycling process ensures all of the vessels steel and other resources are used in a productive manner within industry.

The recycling of vessels provides a huge resource of steel and other metals and machinery which is used to produce other goods and services. It was always assumed that ship recycling was best conducted in a mechanized way and therefore could be undertaken by industrialized countries ie United States and Western Europe etc. However it is now recognized that is is actually Labour intensive and best conducted Southern Asian countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and China where there is a abundance of cheap labour. This has resulted in substantial benefits for the Economies and welfare of these countries.

LOCATION OF RECYLING IN INDIA

 

Darukhana, MUMBAI
Sachana JAMNAGAR
ALANG (West Coast of India)
Due to natural high and low tides, Alang has gained its position as the world’s largest ship breaking / recycling site for ocean going vessels. India has continuously been NO.1 in terms of volume of worldwide recycling.

WHY ALANG HAS PROSPERED
Due to good difference of Low/High Tides making beaching of vessels close to the recycling yards possible.
Suitable climate in which ship breaking can take place round the year.
Due to high population the labour force is in abundance and low cost.
A lucrative local domestic market for steel compare to regular furnace-based plant
The state of Gujarat where the Alang is situated, highly industrialized and ranked ONE in India fro manufacturing, this give the extra advantage to ship recycling.

STEPS OF SHIP RECYCLING
1. The owners of ship recycling yards are kept abreast by brokers and cash buyers of ships offered for recycling. They will then offer for a particular vessel based on its Light Displacement Tonnage (LDT) and any offer is made in US Dollars. Upon purchasing a Vessel and upon its arrival at Alang all legal formalities have to be completed before the vessel can be delivered / beached and the recycling process undertaken.. After delivery the beaching has crucial impact on the final cost to a ship recycler, the closer the vessel can be beached to their yard the less time and cost consuming is the process of recycling.
After beaching the recycling / breaking permission is obtained by emptying the bunkers oil and making the vessel gas free and safe for man entry and hot work.

 

2. All loose material and stores are off loaded and cutters and their helpers start cutting the vessel in to parts and dismantling the machineries mounted on vessel. The ship’s large cut pieces are dragged to shore with the help of winches and further cut in to the suitable pieces on the beach for easier loading and transportation. Shree Ram Group Dismantle ships as per IMO norms by having PHASE I & PHASE II. Phase I where the vessel is Beached. The vessel is made 100 % ready for HOT WORK. 80 % of the Hazardous materials are removed and disposed OFF in a proper way. Part of this Phase I Flooring is of concrete and steel to protect THE LAND SURFACE from Hazardous materials. Once all Identified sectors are free of Hazardous materials, Big pieces are cut into small Pieces and taken to PHASE II In Phase II we have facilities to remove remaining Hazardous materials. Big pieces are being handled properly so that all fittings are removed and steel plates are cut into sizes for easy Transportation. The heavy machineries are off loaded with the help of moving crane. The valuable components (e.g. small motors, pimps, generators, navigation equipments, lifesaving equipments, furniture-fixtures, electrical cables, utensils etc.) are sold to second hand market for re-use.

The interesting fact is that nothing in demolition of ship goes to waste except the hazardous waste which is sent to secured land fill site developed by nodal agency Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) and managed by Gujarat Environ Protection & Infrastructure Ltd (GEPIL) who employs the qualified Environment engineers.

IMPACT OF SHIP RECYCLING.
Though the ship breaking improves national economy and plays an important role in steel recycling, it also poses a threat to the environment and working peoples welfare and safety. This can be overcome with proper management. Our workers are given proper training with respect to their job and supervised by qualified personnel. The nodal agency of Alang GMB has established a workers training center at Alang, where laborer’s and supervisors are given training and conduct refresher courses time to time. We fully advocate Environment friendly ship breaking with health prevention making ship recycling at our Yards “GREEN RECYCLING” which is as close to the standards set by the International Bodies as possible.

THE BRIGHT SIDE
The ship recycling activities create economic opportunities for thousands of labour ers and contribute to the economic growth of regions. Practically 100% of the ship is recycled. Ship breaking can be claimed to be a sound sustainable industrial activity. Ship demolition remove large volumes of obsolete tonnage from fleets which otherwise require to huge monetary consideration to manage if not dismantled.

 

GREEN RECYCLING
International standards and regulations in approach to “Ship Recycling” called “GREEN RECYCLING” includes
“Care of the Environment” and “Occupational Health and Safety Aspects”
of workers. Shree Ram Group do this, in number of ways:

“Green” ship recycling operations includes

Operational planning
General preventive and protective measures
Management of hazardous substances
Measures against physical hazards
Measures against biological hazards
Ergonomic and psychosocial hazards
Safety requirement for tools, machines and equipment
Competence and training
Personal protective equipment and clothing
Contingency and emergency preparedness
Special protection
Welfare